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Synthesis of new analogs of tetraiodothyroacetic acid (tetrac) as novel angiogenesis inhibitors for treatment of cancer

M Rajabi, M Yalcin M, SA Mousa (2018) Synthesis of new analogs of tetraiodothyroacetic acid (tetrac) as novel angiogenesis inhibitors for treatment of cancer. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 28(7):1223-1227.

Abstract

In the angiogenesis process, integrins, which are members of a family of cell surface transmembrane receptors, play a critical role particularly in blood vessel formation and the local release of vascular growth factors. Thyroid hormones such as l-thyroxine (T4) and 3,5,3′-triiodo-l-thyronine (T3) promote angiogenesis and tumor cell proliferation via integrin αvβ3 receptor. At or near an arginine-glycine-aspartate (RGD) recognition site on the binding pocket of integrin αvβ3, tetraiodothyroacetic acid (tetrac, a deaminated derivative of T4) is a thyrointegrin receptor antagonist and blocks the actions of T3 and T4 as well as different growth factors-mediated angiogenesis. In this study, we synthesized novel tetrac analogs by modifying the phenolic moiety of tetrac and tested them for their anti-angiogenesis activity using a Matrigel plug model for angiogenesis in mice. Pharmacological activity results showed that tetrac can accommodate numerous modifications and maintain its anti-angiogenesis activity.

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